After the huge success of India’s first interplanetary mission MOM (Mars Orbiter Mission), making India the first country ever to enter the Mars’s orbit in first attempt, ISRO has made Indians proud once again by successfully launching the ASTROSAT, bringing India to the elite club of nations having their own space observatory after USA, Japan, Russia, Europe. Astrosat along with six satellites from international customers was blasted off in PSLV-XL satellite launch vehicle from Satish Dhawan Space Center around 80 km away from Chennai. With this successful launch ISRO reached a landmark of profitably rooted 50 satellites into their intended orbit.
Astrosat is a dedicated multi-wavelength space observatory on a five year mission studying distant celestial objects. Astrosat is capable of observing wide range of wavelength bands including optical, ultraviolet, low and high energy x-ray regions of the electromagnetic spectrum compared to other satellites which have low range of wavelength band.
Astrosat’s main field of observations will include star birth regions and black holes. The main objective of the observatory is to understand high energy process binary star systems containing neutron stars and black holes and estimate magnetic fields of neutron stars.
ISRO said that Astrosat carries 5 payloads which include Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (UVIT) for high image resolution, Large X-Ray Proportional Counter (LAXPC), Soft X-Ray Telescope (SXT), Cadmium Zinc Telluride Imager (CZTI) and Charge Particle Monitor (CPM). All these payloads will be thoroughly tested before intiation of regular procedures.
Benefits of Astrosat
Astrosat’s main benefit goes to Indian researchers because now they don’t have to rely upon other countries to get data about full spectrum wavelengths. There may be less paramount social and commercial benefits of Astrosat but it will help the scientists to do pre-eminent researches and will exert influence on new generation students to scrutinize scientific research and will allure other countries to collaborate with India researches.